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NATURE


 

National Parks:

National Park Brijuni
National Park Kornati
National Park Krka
National Park Mljet
National Park Paklenica
National Park Plitvička jezera
National Park Risnjak
National Park Sjeverni Velebit

Nature Parks:

Nature Park Biokovo
Nature Park Kopački rit
Nature Park Lonjsko polje
Nature Park Medvednica
Nature Park Papuk
Nature Park Telaščica
Nature Park Velebit
Nature Park Vransko jezero
Nature Park Učka
Nature Park Žumberak - Samoborsko gorje

Extent of sea shore - length:

mainland 1,778 km (30.5%)
islands 4,012 km (69,5 %)
total 5,790 km
by air 526 km
coast ruggedness
(Norway 20, Greece 6)
11


Number of islands, rocks and reefs:

islands 718
inhabited 66
uninhabited 652
rocks 389
reefs 78
total 1,185


Islands larger than 200 km2:

  area coast line
Krk 405,8 km2 189 km
Cres 405,8 km2 248 km
Brac 394,6 km2 175 km
Pag 299,7 km2 254 km
Korcula 284,6 km2 269 km
Hvar 276,0 km2 182 km

Thermal springs and spas:

  • 14 thermal springs (7 thermomineral springs of particular quality and worth). All are situated in the inland areas of Croatia.
  • 15 different kinds of mud, Naftalan having one counterpart in the world: the one in Baku

Mountains:

Though Croatia has practically no mountains exceeding 2,000 m, the favorable climate (number of snow days) even on some lower localities ensures good conditions for the development of mountain-recreation and winter tourism.

They are:

  • Northern Gorski Kotar (Platak, Trsce, Snjeznik - 1,500 m)
  • Central Gorski Kotar (Delnice, Skrad, Mrkopalj, Vrbovsko)
  • Bjelolasica - 1,533 m (Croatian Olympic Center)
  • Northern Velebit (Zavizan - 1,699 m)
  • Middle Velebit - Baske Ostarije - 1,128 m, Visocica - 1,619 m)
  • Southern Velebit (Sveto Brdo - 1,753 m)
  • Dinara (Troglav - 1,831 m)
  • Biokovo - 1,762 m
  • Plitvicka jezera (Licka Pljesivica - 1,649 m)

Particularity of the above localities lies in the fact that all of them can be found in immediate background of the sea coast and along the road distances not exceeding 50 km.

Lakes:

The Vransko jezero (30,7 km2/0.1 m above sea level)
The Peruca jezero (13,0 km2/360 m a.s.l. - The Cetina reservoir)
The Prokljansko jezero (11,1 km2/0.5 m a.s.l.)
The Vransko jezero (island oi Cres, 5,8 km2/16 m a.s.l.)
The Plitvicka jezera (as a whole - 2.0 km2/503-636 m a.s.l.)

National (Nature) Parks and other protected nature area:

  Number Area in ha
National Parks 8 79,320
  The Kornati   30,200
  The Plitvicka jezera   19,479
  The Krka   14,200
  The Paklenica   3,617
  The Mljet   3,100
  The Risnjak   3,014
  The Brijuni   2,700
  Northern Velebit   10,900
Nature Parks 6 317,502
Strict reserves 2 2,395
Special reserves 69 30,372
Nature Monument 72 82
Protected Nature Area 28 17,544
Park-forest 23 7,660
Mounment of park architecture 114 912
Plant species 44  
Animal species 380  
Total:   445,888

The mentioned protection includes about 7.5% of the state teritory, and plans are to double its size - up to 15%.

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