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CROATIA GENERAL


 

General info:

Official name Republic of Croatia
Official language Croatian
Alphabet Latin
Currency Kuna (100 lipa)
Population (1991.) 4,784,000 (2,465,000 female, 2,319,000 male)
Number of islands 1,185 (66 inhabited)
Capital Zagreb (nearly 1 million inhabitants)

Area:

Total state area 89,810 km2
Teritory area (land) 56,610 km2
Aquatorium area
(internal sea line)
33,200 km2
Marine economy region
(teritorial sea line)
23,870 km2
Total economy area 113,680 km2
Coastline length 5,835 km
Coastline length of mainland 1,777 km
Coastline length of islands 4,058 km

Croatia in Europe

Location:

Geographically situated on the cross-roads between Central Europe and the Mediterranean.

Political system:

parlamentary multiparty Republic

Teritorial-administrative structure:

20 counties and the Town of Zagreb with 121 towns and 416 communities


    I Zagreb
    II Krapina and Zagorje
    III Sisak and Moslavina
    IV Karlovac
    V Varazdin
    VI Koprivnica and Krizevci
    VII Bjelovar and Bilogora
    VIII Rijeka
    IX Lika and Senj
    X Virovitica and Podravina
    XI Pozega and Slavonia
    XII Slavonski Brod and Posavina
    XIII Zadar
    XIV Osijek and Baranja
    XV Sibenik and Knin
    XVI Vukovar and Srijem
    XVII Split and Dalmatia
    XVIII Istria
    XIX Dubrovnik and Neretva
    XX Medjimurje

Other important towns:
(listed alphabetically)

Dubrovnik, Gospic, Karlovac, Osijek, Pula, Rijeka, Slavonski Brod, Sisak, Split, Sibenik, Varazdin, Vukovar, Zadar

Anthem:

Antun Mihanovic The Republic of Croatia's national anthem is "Lijepa nasa domovino" ("Our Beautiful Homeland"). Antun Mihanovic is the author of the lyrics.

Flag and Coat-of-Arms:

Croatian Flag Croatian Coat-of-ArmsThe Croatian National flag is red-white-blue tricolor (arranged in this order perpendicularly to the staff), with the coat of arms (13 red squares and 12 silver squares arranged intermittently in a 5 times 5 pattern). This coat of arms was affirmed by 15th century documents. It is a very old symbol of Croatia ressembling a red-white chess table. Now it also has a crown composed of five regional symbols representing 1) The oldest known Croatian coat of arms, 2) Dubrovnik, 3) Dalmatia, 4) Istria and 5) Slavonia.

Culture:

Belonging to the Middle-European and Mediterranean cultural and civilisation circle and tradition. Extremely rich and valuable cultural and historical heritage is pointing to a millenium old presence of Croatia in the area. The specific urban culture of coastal and island areas is easily seen in towns such as: Porec, Rovinj, Pula, Zadar, Sibenik, Hvar, Korcula and Ston, with Split (Diocletian's Palace) and Dubrovnik representing a part of the world cultural heritage under UNESCO protection.

Climate:

Northern Croatia has a continental climate. Central, semimountainous and mountainous regions, as well as the entire Adriatic coast, have a Mediterranean climate. Spring and autumn are mild along the coast, while winter can be cold and snowy in central and northern regions.

Religions:

Roman-catholics, orthodox, muslim, jews, protestants, others

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